15 Best Varieties Of Mangoes In India
Mango is not just the national fruit of India but it is a myriad of emotions. Emotions ranging from sensuousness, euphoria, gratification, admiration to unbridled enjoyment. Unarguably, no other fruit evokes so much passion among my countrymen as much as Mango.
When I wrote the article about the 10 best varieties of Mangoes in the world, never did I anticipate that it would get so much love from the readers.
I am sure, more than my writing skills, it's a testament of people's love for the golden yellow, mostly sweet sometimes tangy fruit called Mango. If you haven't read the article yet, you can read it here 10-best-varieties-of-mangoes-in-the-world.
A lot of my readers from India requested that I put together a similar list of best varieties of mangoes in India. After procrastinating for a good few weeks, I finally decided to put the ensemble together and here it is today before you (in no particular order).
I will open the innings, as they say in cricket parlance, with the variety that's very close to my heart and obviously my most favorite, Alphonso Mango. There are many amazing varieties on this list. So, do read till the end to see if your local favorite makes it to the team.
As always I will also share some interesting anecdotes about each variety of mango. So, let's begin the proceedings!
Origin: Konkan, Maharashtra, India
Other Names: Hafoos, Hapus, Alphonse, King of mangoes
Named after the Portuguese general Afonso de Albuquerque, Alphonso mango is known as the King of mangoes. Unparalleled taste and texture make Alphonso the most sought after variety of mango in the world.
Grown in the Konkan region of Maharashtra, Alphonso is believed to be the driving force behind Mango being the national fruit of India. Alphonso mango from Konkan region has been awarded the Geographical Indication (GI) tag.
India is the largest producer of mangoes accounting for 40 percent of the world trade. Plus the fifth largest exporter to the world. Famous for its rich taste and fibre-less flesh, an Alphonso mango weighs around 230 to 260 grams. The peak season for this variety starts from March and runs till the start of June. The juicy pulp of Alphonso complements some of the most delicious desserts across the globe. It comes as no surprise as to why Alphonso mangoes top the list of best varieties of mangoes in the world and India and known as King of Mangoes.
Origin: Kerala, Maharashtra & Karnataka
Other Names: Paheri
Pairi mangoes come in uniform sizes. This variety looks similar in shape to a peach. It has a pointy bottom as well. It is a juicy and pulpy mango with high nutritional value however it is a little fibrous. It is consumed in large numbers as it appears early in the markets as compared to other types of mangoes found in India.
Pairi mangoes give a really nice, peculiar fragrance and aroma when ripe, making it very easy for anyone to make out that there are ripe Pairi mangoes in the house :)
3. Alampur Baneshan
Main producing state: Andhra Pradesh
Other Names: Seeri
Also known as Seeri in parts of Southern India, Alampur Baneshan's popularity has been growing in recent times. This specific variety shares its heritage with Banganapalli mango.
The most fascinating characteristic of this mango is that the skin remains green even after the mango ripens. It is medium sized with fiber-less flesh ranging from yellow to orange in color. It has small spots visible all over its peel which makes it distinct from other types of mangoes found in India.
Inage Credit : Wikipedia
Main producing states: Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Rajasthan & Haryana
Chaunsa mango has got a royal history to it. Humayun, father of the Mughal emperor Akbar, fled to Kabul after he was defeated in a battle against Sher Shah Suri. To commemorate his victory, Sher Shah Suri named his favorite mango as 'Chaunsa', after the name of the place in Bihar where the battle was fought.
Chaunsa mango has its origin in Multan, Pakistan, however it's widely grown even in Northern India. Compared to Pakistani Chaunsa's green-yellow peel, Indian Chaunsa variety flaunts golden-yellow color and has succulent taste.
Chaunsa is one of the most exported variety of mangoes from India.
Main producing states: Karnataka, Tamil Nadu & Maharashtra
Other Names: Malgoa, Malgova
It is a variety that is best known for the interesting anecdote behind its name. Originally called 'Malgoa' or 'Malgova', the name got changed into 'Mulgoba' possibly due to misprints on export carts.
Native to the districts of Salem, Krishnagiri & Dharmapuri in Tamil Nadu, Mulgoba mango now has multiple cultivars across the world. One of the most prominent is the Mulgoba of Florida, USA. The Indian variety exhibits a retaining green color with soft fiber-less, juicy flesh. It is round in shape and pretty large in size compared to other types of mangoes found in India.
Main producing states: Gujarat & Maharashtra
Better known as 'Gir Kesar' mango, these are found in the foothills of Girnar in Gujarat. Kesar received official GI (geographical indication) back in 2011 and since then the exports of this variety has soared massively.
Kesar mango was first spotted by Junagadh Wazir Sale Bhai in Vanthali taluka of Junagadh. Monarchs of the time grew so fond of it that they planted Kesar seeds in their gardens. Thus, Kesar became a part of the folklore.
Kesar mango is probably called so as its aroma is believed to be like saffron and its flesh is saffron hued (Saffron is known as kesar in India).
Kesar mangoes are generally medium sized with absence of fiber. Kesar stands out from other types of mangoes in India due to its saffron color.
Main producing states: Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Orissa, Himachal Pradesh & Haryana
Originally grown in the Varanasi district of Uttar Pradesh, Langra is a popular mango variety found across the Northern parts of the country.
Langra refers to 'lame' in English. This funny etymology has a popular backstory. As per veteran mango cultivator, Haji Kalimullah Khan the story is about 250-300 years old. A lame farmer in Benaras was called Langra by his peers; once he ate a mango and planted its seed. Fruits of this tree were so juicy and fleshy, that villagers decided to plant more of this variety. Since then, Langra has become a star among the other types of mangoes found in India. The oval shaped mango is generally medium sized and has a lime-yellow colored flesh.
8. Bombay Green
Credit - hereandthere09
Major producing states: Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh & Rajasthan
Other Names: Malda, Shehroli
Bombay Green mango, though has Bombay in its name, mostly grows in the northern part of India. The interesting thing about this mango is that the skin remains green from outside even when it is completely ripe.
It tastes so delightful and wonderful that it is sometimes referred to as "Prince of Mangoes".
This variety is of mango isn't massively grown for commercial purposes, hence is very elusive and can be hard to find.
Major producing state: Andhra Pradesh
Other Names: Benishan, Chappatai, Safeda and Badam Aam
Banganapalli mango derives its name from Banganapalle town of Kurnool district in Andhra Pradesh. This variety is commonly known by a range of names - Benishan, Chappatai, Safeda and Badam Aam. The name Benishan is after the Nawab of Banganapalle. In May 2017, Banganapalli mango received the GI tag. Large in size and with few strings of fibers inside, Banganapalli is often considered to be the queen of summers. It is by far one of the best types of mangoes found in India.
Major producing states: Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu & Karnataka
Other Names: Ginimoothi Maavina Kayi
While rest of the India calls it Totapuri, Bengaluru refers to this mango as Ginimoothi Maavina Kayi. The name translates into "parrot's beak." And it is rightly named so because of its pointed shape at the bottom.
Totapuri mango is widely grown for its pulp and is a major export from India. The greenish yellow mango finds an equal acceptance from north to south.
Vendors selling Totapuri mangoes on handcarts is a pretty common sight in major metro cities across India especially during the rainy season.
Totapuri mango has a sweet and tangy taste and can even be eaten along with its skin.
The Florida strain of this mango is parent to Anderson and Brooks varieties of mango.
Major producing states: Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana & Punjab
Discovered in the gardens of Nawab of Lucknow, Dasheri maintains an unparalleled glory throughout history since the 18th century. Reportedly, the mother tree of this variety still exists in the Kakori region of Uttar Pradesh. The tree is said to be 200 years old, belonging to the orchard of Late Mohammad Ansar Zaidi. This variety of mango looks light green when unripe and becomes bright yellow once ripe. Oval shape and lack of fibers make this mango handy and a summer craving for millions of mango lovers. Undoubtedly, it is one of the best types of mangoes found in India
Major producing states: West Bengal, Bihar & Jharkhand
Other Names: Khirsapati
Himsagar is the best variety of mango hailing from the east of India. Containing over 75% pulp, Himsagar normally weighs around 250 to 300 grams. Fragrance and sweetness make this thin-skinned variant distinct from its counterparts. Himsagar is often hailed as the King of Bengal. One of the most favored types of mangoes in India, Himsagar can be identified from its yellow-orange flesh.
Major producing states: Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa & Gujarat
Mostly popular in the southern states of India, Neelum mango is best known for its small size and pulpy and juicy flesh.
Neelum mangoes usually flood the market in the month of June. Compared to its counterparts, Neelum mango is not that widely popular but has all the necessary elements to become one.
Major producing states: Karnataka
Small, bright yellow mangoes found in the southern parts of India, Badami mangoes' flavor is exotic and creamy.
Soft texture and mouth watering juice makes it a delightful fruit. Multiple culinary dishes are prepared from Badami mango pulp which is why it is often seen in most south Indian households.
Major producing states: West Bengal, Orissa, Jharkhand & Madhya Pradesh
On hybridization of Neelum and Dasheri varieties of mangoes, Dr. Ramnath Singh created the variety Mallika. Unlike many other cross varieties, Mallika stood out as a success for combining the sweetness and quality of both Neelum and Dasheri.
Horticulturists believe that Mallika would soon gain recognition across the nation for its unique taste. Another thing that works in the favor of the Mallika mangoes is that this variety can be grown in the backyard. If you find a mango tree available for sale on Ebay or Amazon for your home garden, it will most likely be a Mallika mango tree.
And with this we come to the end of the day's play. Hope you have enjoyed the reading through the complete list and learnt about the specialty of each variety of mango.
If you have already started drooling thinking about sweet, luscious and juicy mangoes you can now order for yourself premium quality and best mangoes online at Mangoes4U.
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